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Thursday, October 24 2019
Tiếng Việt
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Date 29/03/2017-15:14:00 PM
Final Reporting Workshop of 2016-2017 Korean Knowledge Sharing Program with Vietnam
(MPI) – Within the framework of Korea’s Knowledge Sharing Program (KSP) with Vietnam, on March 28th 2017 in Ha Noi, Development Strategy Institute (DSI) under the Ministry of Planning and Investment in collaboration with Korean Development Institute (KDI) held Final Reporting Workshop of 2016-2017 KSP.

Whole scene of the Workshop. Photo: Minh Trang (MPI)

Attending the Workshop, on the Korea’s side, there were Prof. Sang Woo Nam, Project Manager of KSP 2016-2017 with Vietnam, former dean KDI school of Public Policy and Management; Mr. Lee Hyuk, Korean Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to Vietnam; Mr. Yoon Daehee, former Minister for Policy Coordination, Senior adviser of the KSP 2016-2017 and officers of KDI. On the Vietnam’s side, there were Prof. Dr. Bui Tat Thang, President of Development Strategy Institute, MPI; Ms. Phan Ngoc Mai Phuong, Vice President of the DSI, Project Manager of KSP 2016-2017 and representatives of Ministerial units, researchers and economists…

Speaking at the Workshop opening, President of the DSI Bui Tat Thang said that continuing the success of KSP 2004-2005, 2009-2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, KDI in collaboration with DSI of the MPI has been concluded KSP 2016 with the topic “Promoting Efficiency from Inside” with three sub-topics namely: Lessons for Vietnam from Korean experiences in policies for the formation and development of supporting industry – the case of agglomeration of electronics supporting industry in North of Capital Ha Noi and the surrounding region; Exploring the criteria and models for privatizing public services in Vietnam; and Developing a performance evaluation system for public servants in Vietnam.

Vietnam has been doing its utmost to perfect market economy institutions, strengthen integration with regional and international economies in order to boost the process of innovation and improve competitiveness of the economy. This year marks 25 years of establishing Vietnam - Korea diplomatic relation. This bilateral relation has been developing in both width and height and became strategic partnership since 2009. Now Korea ranked first among foreign investors in Vietnam, ranked third out of trade partners and ranked second among ODA providers for Vietnam. In 2016, Korea is the biggest FDI investor in Vietnam with more than US$ 5.5 billion of investment registered capital and 828 projects. Other cooperative fields such as tourism, culture… have also been developing.

Speaking at the Workshop opening, Mr. Yoon Daehee, former Korean Minister for Policy Coordination, Senior adviser of the KSP 2016-2017 thanked Vietnam Government for the close collaboration in researching of policy and advising for KSP. KSP is built on a vision of knowledge-based development by sharing Korea’s development experience with policy makers of its partner countries. KSP not only shares Korea’s experiences but also focuses on raising capacity towards sustainable growth for socio-economic development. Vietnam was elected as a strategic development partner and implementing KSP with the topic “Support Vietnam to implement 2011-2020 socio-economic development strategy” in three years. KSP has been carried out in Vietnam for 12 years with over 55 research themes.

Representatives participating the Workshop. Photo: Minh Trang (MPI)

At the Workshop, representatives listened to the presentations of the three sub-topics. Regarding the first sub-topic, Korean researcher said that in the global electronics value chain, Vietnam has participated in all production and assembly stages such as electronics components manufacturing, electronics subassembly and final electronics products assembly. However, Vietnam’s electronics industry is still at an early stage in the electronics value chain and being dominated by FDI enterprises. Currently, capacity of the Vietnam’s enterprises to satisfy the requirements of these multi-national companies is limited. Based on these observations, recommendations were proposed for specific applications, including: developing a national brand, expanding collaboration schemes with foreign invested companies and development of material industry. Especially, major breakthrough decisions should be initiated by the highest authority; without firm and and credibile commitment by the highest authority, breakthrough decisions can not be made.

As for the second sub-topic, research of exploring criteria and models for privatizing public services in Vietnam outlined that Vietnam Government showed its strong commitment to the effort by recently passing legislation concerning government service privatization, this study hopes to provide Vietnam with relevant guidance and insight for privatizing government services. First, when privatizing, there has to be clear criteria for privatization of public services. Second, healthcare privatization should consider medical insurance system and universality. Third, the role of public and private universities should be clear in the privatization policy. Fourth, when thinking about privatizing public R&D organizations, the Government should consider and evaluate the profitability of the projects that are being conducted by each organization.

In order to develop a performance evaluation system for public servants in Vietnam, the research outlined that all criteria have not been be concretized into specific indicators and assigning scores and weights to assess performance objectively. Some evaluation contents and classification criteria might be inappropriate. Based on the analysis of Vietnam’s performance evaluation system for public servants and the case study of Korea’s performance evaluation system in the preceding sections, the following ten recommendations are derived and proposed for Vietnam: Performance must be entrenched as the central principle of public sector work evaluation; The top government leadership must play a stronger role in performance evaluation; Organizational evaluation must be introduced; There should be greater alignment between public servants’ evaluation and their organization’s vision and goals; Organizational and individual performace evaluations should be linked with each other; More specific and quantitative evaluation indicators must be developed; Curves, a type of “relative” evaluation, need to be introduced; Peer group meetings must be improved; There must be increased utilization of performance evaluation results; and Creation of governmental units devoted to performance evaluation must be considered.

At the Workshop, the experts and commentators dicussed and raised their ideas, assessments of all researches. The Workshop is an important occasion after one year of implementing KSP 2016-2017 to broadly publicize the research outcomes that Korean experts and researchers in collaboration with Vietnamese ones carried out. They also proposed implies and policy recommendations to Vietnam on the basis of Korea’s experiences in order to support researchers to complete the report and publish KSP book, becoming useful references for policy makers, scientists and managers of Vietnam./.

Nguyen Huong
Ministry of Planning and Investment

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