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Wednesday, May 22 2019
Tiếng Việt
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Date 27/09/2018-10:12:00 AM
Socio-economic indicator achieved in 2018

1.The socio-economic indicator of 2018 (According to Report No. 190/BC-TCTK dated December 27th, 2018 by the GSO)

- Gross Domestic Product: In the fourth quarter of 2018, the Gross Domestic Product (GPD) was estimated to increase by 7.31% as compared to the same period last year, in which the sector of agriculture, forestry, and fishery increased 3.90%; the industrial and construction sector increased 8.65%; service sector increased 7.61%. GDP of 2018 increased 7.08%, the highest increase since 2011.

In the general increase of the whole economy, the sector of agriculture, forestry, and fishery increased 3.76%, contributed 8.7% into the general growth; the industrial and construction sector increased 8.85%, contributed 48.6%; the service sector increased 7.03%, contributed 42.7%.

- Agricultural, forestry and fishery production:Agriculture continues to affirm a clear recovery trend when gained an increase of 2.89%, the highest increase in the period 2012-2018, contributed 0.36 percentage point into the growth rate of the total added value of the economy; fishery gained a fairly good result with an increase of 6.46%, contributed 0.22 percentage point; forestry increased by 6.01%, but only contributed 0.05 percentage point because of its low proportion.

- Industrial production:The IIP in December 2018 was estimated to increase by 11.4% as compared to the same period in 2017, in which the mining sector decreased 3.2%; processing and manufacturing sector increased 13.7%; production and distribution of electricity increased 11.7%; water supply and waste treatment increased 5.6%. Generally in 2018, the IIP increased 10.2% as compared to last year (in the first quarter increased 12.7%, in the second quarter increased 8.2%, in the third quarter increased 10.7% and the fourth quarter increased 9.4%), lower then than increase of 11.3% of 2017.

- Enterprise operation:In 2018, the whole country has 131.275 newly registered enterprises with the total registered capital of 1,478.1 trillion dong, up 3.5% in the number of enterprises and up 14.1% in registered capital as compared to the same period in 2017; the average registered capital of a newly established enterprise was 11.3 billion dong, up 10.2%. If including 2,408.8 trillion dong of additionally registered capital of enterprises changing to raise capital, the total registered capital added to the economy in 2018 was 3,886.9 trillion dong. Besides, there were 34.010 enterprises back to operation, increased 28.6% as compared to last year, bringing the total number of newly registered enterprises and those back to operation in 2018 to nearly 165.3 thousand enterprises. The total registered labor of the newly established enterprises of 2018 was 1,107.1 thousand, down 4.7% as compared to last year.

The number of enterprises suspending its operation in 2018 was 90.651, up 49.7% as compared to 2017, including 27.126 enterprises registered to suspense its business with time validation, up 25.1% and 36.525 enterprises suspending its operation without registration or waiting for dissolve, up 36.4%. The number of enterprises completed the procedure of dissolving in 2018 was 16.314 enterprises, up 34.7% as compared to last year, including 14.880 enterprises with capital’s scale under 10 billion dong, accounting for 91.2% and up 34.2%.

- Services:Total retailed sales of consumer goods and services in 2018 was estimated at 4,395.7 trillion dong, up 11.7% as compared to last year, if excluding price factor, it increased 9.4% (in 2017 it increased 9.3%), in which, the fourth quarter of 2018 reached 1,616.5 trillion dong, up 4.4% as compared to the third quarter and up 12.9% as compared to last year. Considering by kinds of activity, the retail sales of consumer goods in 2018 was estimated at 3,306.1 trillion dong, accounting for 75.2% of the total amount and up 12.4% as compared to 2017.

- Passenger and cargo transportation:Passenger transportation of the fourth quarter reached 1,195.6 million passengers, up 11.3% as compared to the fourth quarter in 2017 and 52.9 billion of passengers-kms, up 11%; cargo transportation reached 423.3 million tons, up 10.1% YoY and 80 billion tons-kms, up 7.1%.

Generally in 2018, passenger transportation reached 4,641.5 million passengers, up 10.7% as compared to last year and 207.1 billion passengers-km, up 10.9%; cargo transportation reached 1.634.7 million tons, up 10% and 306.4 billion tons-kms, up 7.6%.

- International visitors to Vietnam:In the fourth quarter of 2018 reached 3,881.3 thousand arrivals, up 11.7% YoY. Generally in 2018, foreign visitors to Vietnam was estimated at 15.5 million arrivals, up 19.9% as compared to last year (up 2.6 arrivals).

- Banking operation: As of December 20th, 2018, total means of payment increased by 11.34% as compared to the end of 2017 (that of the same period last year by 14.19%), the mobilized capital of credit organizations increased by 11.56% (that of the same period in 2017 by increased by 14.5%); credit growth of the economy reached 13.30% (that of the same period in 2017 reached 16.96%).

- Development investment: Therealized social investment capital at current price in 2018 was estimated at 1,856.6 trillion dong, up 11.2% YoY (the fourth quarter reached 606.9 trillion dong, up 12.5%) and equaling 33.5% of GDP, including 619.1 trillion dong of state sector capital, capturing 33.3% of the total capital and up 3.9% YoY; 803.3 trillion dong of non-state sector, making up 43.3% and up 18.5%; 434.2 trillion dong of FDI sector, accounting for 23.4% and up 9.6%.

The FDI from the beginning of the year to December 20th, 2018 attracted 3.046 newly licensed projects with 17,976.2 million USD of registered capital, increased by 17.6% in the numbers of projects and decreased 15.5% in the registered capital as compared to the same period in 2017. The total newly and additionally registered capital in 2018 reached 25,572.9 million USD, down 13.9% as compared to the same period in 2017. The realized FDI capital in 2018 was estimated at 19.1 billion USD, up 9.1% as compared to 2017. Generally, Vietnam’s investment abroad (newly and additionally capital) in 2018 was 432.2 million USD, in which banking and finance sector reached 105.8 million USD, capturing 24.5% of total investment capital.

- State budget revenue and expenditure:Total state budget revenue from the beginning of the year up to December 15th, 2018 was estimated at 1,272.5 trillion dong, equaling 96.5% of the yearly estimate, of which, domestic revenue was 1,012.3 trillion dong, equivalent to 92.1%; revenue from crude oil was 59.4 trillion dong, equaling 165.5%; budget revenue from import and export activities was 195.9 trillion dong, equivalent to 109.4%.

Total state budget expenditure from the beginning of the year to December 15th, 2018, was estimated at 1,272.1 trillion dong, equaling 83.5% of the yearly estimate, of which, regular expenditures were 874.5 trillion dong, equivalent to 93%; expenditure on development investment was 260.2 trillion dong, equaling 65.1%; debt interest payment was 102.2 trillion dong, equaling 90.8%;

- Export & import of goods, services:Generally in 2018, export turnover of goods was estimated at 244.72 billion USD, up 13.8% over the same period in 2017. If excluding the price factor, export turnover of goods in 2018 increased by 12.7% as compared to 2017. Import turnover of goods for 2018 was estimated at 237.51 billion USD, up 11.5% over 2017 (the fourth quarter reached 64.37 billion USD, up 11.2%). If excluding the price factor, import turnover of goods for the whole year increased by 9.5% as compared to 2017.

- Consumer price index: CPI in December, 2018 decreased 0.25% as compared to November, 2018. Generally in the fourth quarter of 2018, CPI increased 0.6% as compared to the previous quarter and up 3.44% as compared to the fourth quarter in 2017. The average CPI in 2018 increased 3.54% as compared the average CPI in 2017, under the goal set by the Congress. CPI of December 2018 rose by 2.98% over December 2017, averagely each month increase by 0.25%. Core inflation in December 2018 increased by 0.09% as compared to the previous month and increased 1.7% as compared to the same period last year. The average core inflation of 2018 increased by 1.48%, as compared 2017.

- Labor & employment: The labor force aged 15 and over in 2018 was 55.4 million, adding 566.2 thousand people as compared to 2017 (the fourth quarter was 55.7 million, up 530.7 thousand as compared to the same period in 2017), the labor force within the working age was 48.7 million, up 549.8 thousand.

2. The socio-economic indicator of the first 9 months of 2018 (According to Report No. 144/BC-TCTK dated September 27th, 2018 by the GSO)

- Gross Domestic Product:In the first nine months of 2018, GPD was estimated to increase by 6.98% as compared to the same period last year, this is the highest increase of the first nine months since 2011, affirming the timeliness and efficiency of the Government’s drastic direction to achieve economic growth target for 2018. In the national economic growth, the sector of agriculture, forestry, and fishery increased 3.65%, contributed 8.8% into the general growth; the industrial and construction sector increased 8.89%, contributed 48.7%; service sector increased 6.89%, contributed 42.5%.

- Agricultural, forestry and fishery production:Agriculture continues to affirm a clear recovery trend when gained an increase of 2.78%, the highest increase of the first nine months in the period 2012-2018, contributed 0.36 percentage point into the growth rate of the total added value of the economy; fishery gained a fairly good result with an increase of 6.37%, also the highest growth rate in the last 8 years, contributed 0.22 percentage point; forestry increased by 5.9%, but only contributed 0.04 percentage point because of its low proportion.

- Industrial production:Generally in the first nine months of 2018, the IIP was estimated to increase by 10.6% as compared to the same period last year (in the first quarter increased 12.7%, in the second quarter increased 8.2%, in the third quarter increased 10.7%), this is the highest growth rate since 2012.

- Enterprise operation:Generally in the first nine months of 2018, the whole country has 96,611 newly registered enterprises with the total registered capital of 963.4 trillion dong, up 2.8% in the number of enterprises and up 6.7% in registered capital as compared to the same period in 2017; the average registered capital of a newly established enterprise was 10 billion dong, up 3.8%. If including 1,881.9 trillion dong of additionally registered capital of enterprises changing to raise capital, the total registered capital added to the economy in the first 9 months of 2018 was 2,845.3 trillion dong. Besides, there were 22,897 enterprises back to operation, increased 8.5% as compared to the same period last year, bringing the total number of newly registered enterprises and those back to operation in the first nine months of 2018 to over 119.5 thousand enterprises. The total registered labor of the newly established enterprises of the first 9 months of 2018 was 819.7 thousand, down 7.5% as compared to the same period last year.

- Services:Trade and service activities in the first nine months of 2018 continue a fairly increasing trend, the purchasing power highly increased. Generally in the first nine months of 2018, the total retail sales of consumer goods and services was estimated at 3,235.1 trillion dong, up 11.3% as compared to the same period last year, if excluding price factor, it increased 8.8% (in the same period in 2017 it increased 8.76%). Considering by kinds of activity, the retail sales of consumer goods in the first nine months of 2018 was estimated at 2,433.1 trillion dong, accounting for 75.2% of the total amount and up 12% as compared to the same period last year,

- Passenger and cargo transportation:Generally in the first nine months, cargo transportation reached 1,211.2 million tons, up 9.9% YoY and 225.9 billion tons-kms, up 7.5%, in which, domestic transportation gained 1,185.8 million tons, up 10% and 122.7 billion tons-kms, up 10.3%; foreign transportation was estimated at 25.4 million tons, up 3.2% and 103.2 billion tons-kms, up 4.4%.

- International visitors to Vietnam:In the first nine months of 2018, the foreign visitors were estimated at 11,616.5 thousand arrivals, up 22.9% YoY.

- Banking operation:As of September 20th, 2018, total means of payment increased by 8.74% as compared to the end of 2017 (that of the same period last year by 9.59%), the mobilized capital of credit organizations increased by 9.15% (that of the same period in 2017 by 10.08%); credit growth of the economy reached 9.52% (that of the same period in 2017 reached 11.02 %).

- Investment: Generally in the first nine months of 2018, therealized social investment capital at current price was estimated at 1,253.2 trillion dong, up 10.9% YoY and equaling 34% of GDP, including 420.5 trillion dong of state sector capital, capturing 33.6% of the total capital and up 5% YoY; 533.1 trillion dong of non-state sector, making up 42.5% and up 17.7%; 299.6 trillion dong of FDI sector, accounting for 23.9% and up 8.4%.

As to FDI, from the beginning of the year to September 20th, 2018, the economy attracted 2,182 newly licensed projects with 14,124.5 million USD of registered capital, increased by 18.3% in the numbers of projects and decreased 3% in the registered capital as compared to the same period in 2017. Generally, Vietnam’s investment abroad (newly and additionally licensed capital), in the first nine months of 2018 was 330.9 million USD. The whole country had 53 provinces, centrally-run cities having newly licensed FDI projects in the first nine months of 2018.

- State budget revenue and expenditure:Total state budget revenue from the beginning of the year up to September 15th, 2018 was estimated at 898.3 trillion dong, equaling 68.1% of the yearly estimate, of which, domestic revenue was 710.1 trillion dong, equivalent to 64.6%; revenue from crude oil was 43.5 trillion dong, equaling 121.1%; budget revenue from import and export activities was 140.9 trillion dong, equivalent to 78.7%. Total state budget expenditure from the beginning of the year to September 15th, 2018, was estimated at 936.6 trillion dong, equaling 61.5% of the yearly estimate, of which, regular expenditures were 651 trillion dong, equivalent to 69.2%; expenditure on new development investment was 192.8 trillion dong, equaling 48.2%; debt interest payment was 79.3 trillion dong, equaling 70.5.%;

- Export & import:Generally in the first nine months of 2018, export turnover of goods was estimated at 178.91 billion USD, up 15.4% over the same period in 2017. If excluding the price factor, export turnover of goods in the first nine months of 2018 increased by 14.2% as compared to the same period in 2017. Import turnover of goods for the first quarter of 2018 was estimated at 173.52 billion USD, up 11.8% over the same period last year, of which, domestic economic sector reached 69.34 billion USD, up 11.7%; foreign investment sector reached 104.18 billion USD, up 11.9%.. If excluding the price factor, import turnover of goods for the first nine months increased by 10.3% as compared to the same period in 2017.

- Consumer price index:Average CPI of the first nine months of 2018 increased by 3.57% over the same period last year; CPI of September 2018 rose by 3.20% over December 2017 and by 3.98% as compared to the same period last year. Core inflation in September 2018 increased by 0.14% as compared to the previous month and increased 1.61% as compared to the same period last year. The average core inflation of the first nine months of 2018 increased by 1.41%, as compared to the same period in 2017.

- Labor & employment: The labor force aged 15 and over of the whole country in the third quarter of 2018 was estimated at 55.4 million, adding 307.4 thousand people as compared to the previous quarter and 551.5 thousand people over the same period of 2017, including 29 million of male labor, capturing 52.3% and 26.4 million of female labor, making up 47.7%.

3. The socio-economic indicator of the first 6 months of 2018 (According to Report No. 85/BC-TCTK dated June 28th, 2018 by the GSO)

- Gross Domestic Product:GDP of the first six months of 2018 was estimated to increase by 7.08% as compared to the same period last year (that of the first quarter increased 7.45%; that of the second quarter increased 6.79%), this is the highest increase of the first six months since 2011, affirming the timeliness and efficiency of the Government’s drastic direction for all levels, branches, localities together to make effort to achieve economic growth target for 2018. In the national economic growth, the sector of agriculture, forestry, and fishery increased 3.93%, contributed 9.7% into the general growth; the industrial and construction sector increased 9.07%, contributed 48.9%; service sector increased 6.90%, contributed 41.4%.

- Agricultural, forestry and fishery production:Agriculture continues to affirm a clear recovery trend when gained an increase of 3.28%, contributed 0.45 percentage point into the growth rate of the total added value of the economy; fishery gained a fairly good result with an increase of 6.41%, also achieved the highest growth rate in the last 8 years, contributed 0.21 percentage point; forestry increased by 5.12%, higher than the increase of 4.31% of the same period last year but only contributed 0.04 percentage point because of its low proportion.

- Industrial production:Generally in the first six months of 2018, the IIP increased by 10.5% as compared to the same period last year (in the first quarter increased 12.9%, in the second quarter increased 8.4%), higher than the increase of 7% the same period in 2017.

- Enterprise operation:Generally in the first six months of 2018, the whole country has 64,531 newly registered enterprises with the total registered capital of 649 trillion dong, up 5.3% in the number of enterprises and up 8.9% in registered capital as compared to the same period in 2017; the average registered capital of a newly established enterprise was 10.1 billion dong, up 3.4%. If including 1,192.2 trillion dong of additionally registered capital of enterprises changing to raise capital, the total registered capital added to the economy in the first 6 months of 2018 was 1,841.2 trillion dong. Besides, there were 16,449 enterprises back to operation, increased 7% as compared to the same period last year, bringing the total number of newly registered enterprises and those back to operation in the first 6 months of 2018 to nearly 81 thousand enterprises. The total registered labor of the newly established enterprises of the first six months of 2018 was 508.5 thousand, down 18.9% as compared to the same period last year.

- Services:Considering by kinds of activity, the retailed sales of consumer goods in the first six months of 2018 was estimated at 1,597.4 trillion dong, accounting for 75.3% of the total amount and up 11.3% as compared to the same period last year, due to the diversity of goods, the stability in price and the guarantee in quality of commodities in the market, ensuring to meet the demand for shopping goods of the people and tourists.

- Passenger and cargo transportation:Generally in the first six months, cargo transportation reached 796.2 million tons, up 9.3% YoY and 147.9 billion tons-kms, up 6.6%, in which, domestic transportation gained 779.4 million tons, up 9.5% and 79.6 billion tons-kms, up 9.7%; foreign transportation was estimated at 16.8 million tons, up 2.3% and 68.3 billion tons-kms, up 3.2%.

- International visitors to Vietnam:In the first six months of 2018, the foreign visitors were estimated at 7,891.5 thousand arrivals, up 27.2% YoY.

- Banking operation:As of June 20th, 2018, total means of payment increased by 7.96% as compared to the end of 2017 (that of the same period last year by 5.69%), the mobilized capital of credit organizations increased by 7.78 % (that of the same period in 2017 by 5.89 %); credit growth of the economy in the first six months of 2018 reached 6.35 % (that of the same period last year reached 7.54 %).

- Investment:The realized social investment capital of the first six months of 2018 at current price was estimated at 747.6 trillion dong, up 10.1% YoY and equaling 32.9% of GDP, including 249.8 trillion dong of state sector capital, capturing 34.4% of the total capital and up 3.3% YoY; 308.4 trillion dong of non-state sector, making up 41.3% and up 17.5%; 189.4 trillion dong of FDI sector, accounting for 25.3% and up 8.5%.

As regards FDI, from the beginning of the year to June 20th, 2018, the economy attracted 1,366 newly licensed projects with 11,799.8 million USD of registered capital, increased by 15.5% in the numbers of projects and decreased 0.3% in the registered capital as compared to the same period in 2017. Generally, Vietnam’s investment abroad (newly and additionally licensed capital), in the first six months of 2018 was 263.1 million USD. The whole country had 45 provinces, centrally-run cities having newly licensed FDI projects in the first six months of 2018.

- State budget revenue and expenditure:Total state budget revenue from the beginning of the year up to June 15th, 2018 was estimated at 528.1 trillion dong, equaling 44.1%% of the yearly estimate, of which, domestic revenue was 462.7 trillion dong, equivalent to 42.1%; revenue from crude oil was 27 trillion dong, equaling 75.1%; budget revenue from import and export activities was 92 trillion dong, equivalent to 51.4%. Total state budget expenditure from the beginning of the year to June 15th, 2018, was estimated at 586 trillion dong, equaling 38.5% of the yearly estimate, of which, regular expenditures were 416 trillion dong, equivalent to 44.2%; debt interest payment was 55.9 trillion dong, equaling 49.7%; expenditure on new development investment was 27.8% of the yearly estimate, equaling 111.1 trillion dong.

- Export & import:Generally in the first six months of 2018, export turnover of goods was estimated at 113.93 billion USD, up 16% over the same period in 2017. If excluding the price factor, export turnover of goods in the first six months of 2018 increased by 15.2% as compared to the same period in 2017. Import turnover of goods for the first quarter of 2018 was estimated at 111.22 billion USD, up 10% over the same period last year. If excluding the price factor, import turnover of goods for the first six months increased by 8.9% as compared to the same period in 2017.

- Consumer price index:Average CPI of the first six months of 2018 increased by 3.29% over the same period last year; CPI of June 2018 rose by 2.22% over December 2017 and by 4.67% as compared to the same period last year. CPI in June 2018 increased by 0.61% as compared to the previous months, it is the highest increase in June in the last seven years. Core inflation in June 2018 increased by 0.1% as compared to the previous month and increased 1.37% as compared to the same period last year. The average core inflation of the first six months of 2018 increased by 1.35%, as compared to the same period in 2017.

- Labor & employment:Up to July 1st, 2018, the labor force aged 15 and over was estimated at 55.1 million people nationwide, adding 594 thousand people over the same period of 2017, including 28.8 million of male labor, capturing 52.2% and 26.3 million of female labor, making up 47.8%.

4. The first 3 months of 2018 (According to Report No. 42/BC-TCTK dated March 28th, 2018 by the GSO)

- Gross Domestic Product:GDP of the first quarter of 2018 was estimated to increase by 7.38% as compared to the same period last year, this is the highest increase of the first quarter in the last 10 years, in which the agriculture, forestry, and fishery production sector increased by 4.05% contributed 0.46 percentage point; the industrial and construction sector increased by 9.70%, contributed 3.39 percentage point; service sector increased 6.70%; contributed 2.75 percentage point.

- Agricultural, forestry and fishery production:Agriculture sector increased by 3.76% as compared to the same period last year, higher than the increase of the first quarters of the years from 2011 to 2017, contributed 0.31 percentage point to the general growth, this showed that the trend of shifting product structure within the sector toward investing in the products with high economic value had effective effects; forestry increased by 5.03%, only contributed 0.03 percentage point because of its low proportion; fishery increased by 4.67%, achieved the highest growth rate in the last 8 years, contributed 0.12 percentage point.

- Industrial production:Generally in the first quarter of 2018, the IIP increased by 11.6% as compared to the same period last year, much higher than the increase of the same period in recent years.

- Enterprise operation:In the first quarter this year, there were 26,785 newly registered enterprises with the total registered capital of 278.5 trillion dong, up 1.2% in the number of enterprises and up 2.7% in registered capital as compared to the same period in 2017; the average registered capital of a newly established enterprise was 10.4 billion dong, up 1.5%. The total registered labor of the newly established enterprises in the first quarter was 225.4 thousand, down 22.7% as compared to the same period in 2017. The number of enterprises suspending its business in the first quarter this year was 20,337, down 1.4% as compared to the same period last year. The number of enterprises completed the procedure of dissolving in the first quarter of 2018 was 3,321 enterprises, up 1.6% as compared to the same period last year.

- Services:Total retailed sales of consumer goods and services in the first quarter of 2018 was estimated at 1,048 trillion dong, up 9.9% as compared to the same period last year, if excluding the price factor, it rose 8.6% ( at the same period in 2017, it increased 6.4%).

- Passenger and cargo transportation:Passenger transportation of the first 3 months was estimated at 1,049.8 million passengers, up 9.5% YoY and 46.8 billion of passengers-kms, up 10%; cargo transportation reached 391.5 million tons, up 8.8% YoY and 72.7 billion tons-kms, up 5.8%.

- International visitors to Vietnam:In the first quarter of 2018, the foreign visitors were estimated at 4,205.4 thousand arrivals, up 30.9% YoY.

- Banking operation:As of March 20th, 2018, total means of payment increased by 3.23% as compared to the end of 2017 (that of the same period last year by 2.88%), the mobilized capital of commercial banks rose by 2.20% (that of the same period last year by 2.43%); credit growth of the economy reached 2.23% (that of the same period last year reached 2.81%).

- Investment:The realized social investment capital of the first quarter of 2018 at current price was 331.2 trillion dong, up 10.4% YoY and equaling 32.2% of GDP, including 104.6 trillion dong of state sector capital, capturing 31.6% of the total capital and up 4.4% YoY; 138.8 trillion dong of non-state sector, making up 41.9% and up 16.9%; 87.8 trillion dong of FDI sector, accounting for 26.5% and up 8.1%.

As regards FDI, from the beginning of the year to March 20th, 2018, the whole economy attracted 618 newly licensed projects with 2,121.6 million USD of registered capital, increased by 25.4% in the numbers of projects and decreased 27.3% in the registered capital as compared to 2017. Regarding Vietnam’s investment abroad, in the first quarter of 2018, the whole country had 23 projects granted certificates of investment abroad with a total investment capital of 123.6 million USD from Vietnam.

- State budget revenue and expenditure:Total state budget revenue from the beginning of the year up to March 15th, 2018 was estimated at 232.2 trillion dong, equaling 17.6% of the yearly estimate, of which, domestic revenue was 185.6 trillion dong, equivalent to 16.9%; revenue from crude oil was 10.7 trillion dong, equaling 29.9%; budget revenue from import and export activities was 35.8 trillion dong, equivalent to 20%. Total state budget expenditure from the beginning of the year to March 15, 2018, was estimated at 225.9 trillion dong, equaling 14.8% of the yearly estimate, of which, regular expenditures were 183 trillion dong, equivalent to 19.5%; expenditure on development investment was 17.5 trillion dong, equaling 4.4% of the yearly estimate; debt interest payment was 24.9 trillion dong, equaling 22.1%.

- Export & import:In the first quarter of 2018, export turnover of goods was estimated at 54.31 billion USD, up 22% over the same period last year. If excluding the price factor, in the first quarter, it increased by 22.1% as compared to the same period in 2017. Import turnover of goods in the first quarter of 2018 was estimated at 53.01 billion USD, up 13.6% over the same period last year. If excluding the price factor, import turnover of the first quarter of 2018 increased by 12.8% as compared to the same period in 2017. Generally, in the first quarter of 2018, the trade balance of goods surplus was 1.3 billion USD, of which the FDI sector (including crude oil) made up a trade surplus of 7.6 billion USD, while the domestic sector had a trade deficit of 6.3 billion USD.

- Consumer price index:Average CPI of the first quarter of 2018 increased by 2.82% over the same period last year; CPI of March 2018 rose by 0.97% over December 2017 and by 2.66% as compared to the same period last year. Core inflation in March 2018 decreased 0.09% as compared to the previous month and increased 1.38% as compared to the same period last year. The average core inflation of the first quarter of 2018 increased by 1.34%, as compared to the same period last year.

- Labor & employment:Up to April 1st, 2018, the labor force aged 15 and over was estimated at 55.1 million people nationwide, adding 586.8 thousand people over the same period of 2017, including 28.6 million of male labor, capturing 52% and 26.5 million of female labor, making up 48%.


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