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Monday, May 25 2020
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Date 17/08/2018-15:57:00 PM
Sharing international experience on strategy development, action plan for industry 4.0
(MPI) - On August 16th, 2018, the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI), in collaboration with the Central Economic Commission and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) organized a Workshop to share international experiences on strategy development, an action plan for industry 4.0 (I4.0).
Deputy Minister of Planning and Investment Le Quang Manh speaking at the opening of the Workshop. Photo: Duc Trung (MPI)

In recent years, the general awareness of leaders, enterprises and the public on the importance of the I4.0 has been growing rapidly. The commitment of the leaders of the Party and the Vietnamese Government is vigorous, especially highlighted at the recent High-level I4.0 Policy Forum on enhancing national availability for I4.0, elevating the ability to tackle the challenges and seizing the opportunities offered by I4.0 to promote the country's socio-economic development and achieve sustainable development goals.

Speaking at the opening of the Workshop, Deputy Minister of Planning and Investment Le Quang Manh said that restructuring of the economy through new approaches to develop the nation is considered as an opportunity and also a challenge for developing countries, including Vietnam. Recognizing the importance of I4.0, the Government assigns the MPI to be the focal point for study and formulation of the National Strategy for I4.0.

Considering this as a crucial Strategy in this time, the MPI has coordinated with the Central Economic Commission and the Government’s agencies to study and formulate the contents of the Strategy. During the formulation process, the consultation with specialists and research institutes, especially the acquisition of experience from the preceding countries, lessons learned during the implementation of I4.0 are essential.

UNDP Country Director in Vietnam Caitlin Wiesen speaking at the Workshop. Photo: Duc Trung (MPI)

Speaking at the Workshop, the UNDP Country Director in Vietnam Caitlin Wiesen said that the cooperation between UNDP and Vietnam has begun since 1986. UNDP in Viet Nam has helped the Government promoting great achievements in hunger eradication, poverty reduction, and socio-economic development, at the same time resolving new arising challenges that Vietnam has to face when becoming as a lower-middle income country.

The Government of Vietnam has made a timely commitment to I4.0. Along with that, cooperation programs between UNDP and the Central Economic Commission since 2016 have contributed to raising awareness on I4.0. During implementation, the I4.0 has helped Vietnam successfully implement 17 sustainable development goals, providing opportunities for all, so that no one is left behind.

From the point of view of UNDP, experts from Israel, Taiwan, and Singapore, Ms. Caitlin Wiesen believes that the Government of Vietnam will seize opportunities from I4.0 to formulate comprehensive and potent strategies and action plans, from non-official business to small family business. I4.0 will help with hunger and poverty reduction, bring knowledge to Vietnamese people.

Sharing Taiwan's experience on the I4.0 Strategy, Prof. Min-Ren Yan, a Taiwanese science and technology policy researcher on design of institutional regulations and implementation related to the National Science and Technology Park, industrial clusters, national policy on I4.0 strategy and AI policy, said that six policy directions that Taiwan is aiming at are upgrading the industry and renovating the economy, creating an equitable society with sustainable development, the government’s effective management, sound finances and national defense - security.

In which, the core ideas are to put all-out efforts to reinvigorate the domestic economy, attract investment in Taiwan, implement structural reform to develop a new economic model, complete network security, maintain peace, expand international cooperation, ensure social security and justice, etc.

At the Workshop. Photo: Duc Trung (MPI)

Sharing initial thoughts and approaches to Vietnam's National Strategy for I4.0, Dr. Dang Quang Vinh, Vice Director of Business Environment and Competitiveness Department, Central Institute for Economic Management, Member of the Strategy Drafting Committee said that the application of I4.0 is an opportunity for Vietnam to enhance its productivity and competitiveness of traditional industries; opportunity to quickly access the world’s market on the basis of rapid growing digital technology/internet, high added value; opportunities for investment, development of new industries formed by I4.0, playing an important role in the supply chain. This is the opportunity to apply, catch up and rise to take the lead for developing countries such as Vietnam. It is "Now or never" for Vietnam to become a developed, civilized, modern country.

Besides the opportunities, there are still some challenges under the impact of I4.0 to Vietnam, such as more intense international competition, the risk of falling behind, dependency both in technology and consumer products, lack of qualified labor to receive, master and innovate technology. Most importantly, the inflexibility institutional system is not suitable for I4.0, the unclear legal corridors hinder creativity, etc.

At the workshop, representatives discussed prioritized actions, based on the results of investigation and assessment on the availability for I4.0 application of Vietnam’s industrial enterprises, conducted by the Ministry of Industry and Trade and UNPD. At the same time, they discussed the main priorities, actions, and principles of implementation./.

Hien Nguyen
Ministry of Planning and Investment

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