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Tuesday, February 25 2020
Tiếng Việt
a A
Date 29/11/2019-17:56:00 PM
Brief on foreign direct investment of the first 11 months of 2019

In the first 11 months of 2019, the total newly registered, adjusted capital, capital contributed and shares purchased by foreign investors reached nearly 31.8 billion USD, increase 3.1% as compare to the same period in 2018. The realized capital of foreign direct investment projects was estimated at 17.21 billion USD, up 6.8% as compared to the same period in 2018.

Accumulated to November 20th, 2019, the whole country has 30.477 valid projects with a total registered capital of 360.69 billion USD. The accumulated realized capital of foreign direct investment projects was estimated at 209.48 billion USD, equaling 58% of total valid registered capital.

I. Foreign investment in Vietnam

1. FDI attraction in the first 11 months of 2019

1.1 Performance

Realized capital:

In the first 11 months of 2019, foreign direct investment projects were estimated to disburse 17.69 billion USD, up 7.2% as compared to the same period in 2018.

Export and import:

Export: Export of the FDI sector (including crude oil) was nearly 166.7 billion USD, up 3.8% over the same period in 2018 and accounting for 69.1% of export turnover. Export excluding crude oil was 164.83 billion USD, up 3.9% as compared to the same period in 2018 and accounting for 68.3% of export turnover.

Import: Import of the FDI sector was 134.1 billion USD, up 3.1% as compared to the same period in 2018 and capturing 57.7% of import turnover.

Generally, in the first 11 months of 2019, the trade surplus of the FDI sector was nearly 32.6 billion USD including crude oil and 30.7 billion USD excluding crude oil. Although the trade deficit of the domestic economic sector was 23.48 billion USD but the trade surplus of the foreign investment sector offset the trade deficit of the domestic economic sector. Therefore, the whole country saw a trade deficit of 9.1 billion USD in the first 11 months of 2019.

1.2 Granting of investment certificate

As of November 20th, 2019, the total newly and additionally registered capital and capital contributed and shares purchased by foreign investors was nearly 31.8 billion USD, up 3.1% as compared to the same period in 2018. In which:

Newly granted: As of November 20th, 2019, the whole country had 3.478 new projects granted investment certificate, up 28.2% in the number of projects as compared to the same period in 2018. The total newly-registered capital was 14.68 billion USD, equaling 93% as compared to the same period in 2018. Despite the decreased of the newly registered capital in the first 11 months 2019, the decrease rate was smaller as compared to the previous months. If excluding newly licensed large projects of over 1 billion USD in the same period in 2018, the total newly registered investment capital in the first 11 months increased by 40.5% over the same period (in the first 11 months of 2019, the largest project's investment capital scale is 420 million USD. Meanwhile, projects been granted new investment certificates in the first 11 months of 2018 are: Smart city projects in Hai Boi, Dong Anh district, Hanoi, with total investment capital of 4.14 billion USD, Polypropylene manufacturing plant and liquefied petroleum gas warehouse project, with a total registered investment capital of 1.2 billion USD,).

Capital adjustment: There were 1.256 times of projects registered to adjust capital, increased 20% as compared to the same period in 2018. The total adjustment capital reached 5.87 billion USD, equaling to 79.3% as compared to the same period in 2018. In the first 11 months of 2019, the scale of adjusting to expand the capital of projects are small, there is no project raising capital with a large scale as in the same period in 2018(in the first 10 months of 2019, Laguna Company Limited project, invested by Singapore adjusted to raise capital with an addition of 1.12 billion USD).

Capital contribution and share purchase: Also in the first 11 months of 2019, the whole country had 8.561 times of capital contribution and share purchase by foreign investors with a total value of the capital contribution of 11.24 billion USD, increased 47.1% as compared to the same period in 2018 and capturing 35.4% of the total registered capital.

Investment in the form of capital contribution to share purchase tends to increase sharply in recent years and accounts for an increasingly large proportion of the total foreign investment. Specifically, in 2017, investment in the form of capital contribution, share purchase accounted for 17.02% of the total registered capital, in 2018 accounted for 27.78%, in the first 11 months of 2019 accounted for 37.4% of total registered capital.

By investment field:

In the first 11 months of 2019, 19 fields were invested by foreign investors, in which, the investment mostly focused on the processing and manufacturing sector with the total capital of 21.56 billion USD, accounting for 67.8% of the total registered investment capital. Real estate business ranked second with total investment capital of 3.31 billion USD, accounting for 10.4% of total registered investment capital. Following by wholesale and retail field, scientific and professional activities, etc.

By investors

In the first 11 months of 2019, there were 117 countries and territories having investment projects in Vietnam. Hong Kong ranked first with total investment capital of 6,69 billion USD (including 3.85 billion USD of shares purchased in Vietnam Beverage Co., Ltd. in Hanoi, accounting for 57.5% of Hong Kong’s total investment capital); Korea ranked second with total registered investment capital of 5.73 billion USD, accounting for 18% of total investment capital into Vietnam; Singapore ranked third with a total registered investment capital of 4.47 billion USD, capturing 14% of total investment capital. Follow by China, Japan, etc. In which, investment from China and Hong Kong tends to increase over the same period due to the impact of the US-China Trade War. Specifically: investment from China increased nearly 2 times, from Hong Kong increased 3.9 times as compared to the same period in 2018.

By investment area

60 provinces and cities were invested by foreign investors, in which Hanoi attracted the most of FDI with a total registered capital of 6.82 billion USD, capturing 21.5% of total investment capital. Ho Chi Minh City ranked second with a total registered capital of 5.48 billion USD, accounting for 17.2% of total investment capital, follow by Binh Duong, Dong Nai, Bac Ninh, etc.

In the first 11 months of 2019, the number of delegations coming to work to explore investment opportunities increased sharply, up about 30% over the same period last year. Many of them seek opportunities to shift investment from China to Vietnam due to the impact of the US-China Trade War. The partners are mainly from Japan, Korea, China, Hong Kong, Singapore. The Ministry of Planning and Investment has organized many policy dialogues and forums with enterprises from Japan, Korea, Singapore, China, Hong Kong, Thailand, Taiwan, Germany, Netherlands and India, etc. in the first 11 months of 2019.

Some large projects in the first 11 months of 2019 are:

- Capital contribution and share purchase project of Beerco Limited (Hong Kong) in Vietnam Beverage Limited Company, with the total value of the capital contribution of 3.85 billion USD, with the main goal of producing beer and malt for brewing beer in Hanoi.

- The Multi-purpose - hippodrome entertainment complex(Korea), with a total registered capital of 420 million USD, with the goal of building a hippodrome; organize horse racing activities; horse racing betting; operating the right to import, export, wholesale and retail of goods; building and running 3 star hotel and villa, building technical infrastructure construction and other civil constructions in Soc Son, Hanoi

- LG Display Hai Phong project adjusted to increase investment capital by 410 million USD.

- Wanna Explore Travel Co., Ltd. (Egypt), with a total registered capital of 300 million USD , invested in Ho Chi Minh City with the goal of implementing travel agency services - Operating tours and other direct support services for air transport.

- Electronic equipment, network equipment, and multimedia audio products manufacturing factory project, with the total registered capital of 260 million USD, invested by Goertek (HongKong) co., Limited in Bac Ninh.

- Hoa Hoi solar power plant project in Phu Yen, with the total registered capital of 216.7 million USD, invested by Thailand investors in Phu Yen to produce solar energy.

- ACTR's all-steel Radian tire manufacturing project with a total registered investment capital of 280 million USD, invested by Chinese investors in Tay Ninh to produce TBR all-steel tires.

- Lcd-Qisda Screen Production Factory Project in Vietnam (invested by Taiwan), with a total registered investment capital of 263 million USD invested in Ha Nam with the goal of producing LCD liquid crystal monitors.

- Electronic equipment, network equipment, and multimedia audio products manufacturing factory project, with the total registered capital of 260 million USD, invested by Goertek (HongKong) co., Limited in Bac Ninh.

2. FDI accumulation until November 2019

Accumulated to November 20th, 2019, the whole country has 30.477 valid projects with a total registered capital of 360.69 billion USD. The accumulated realized capital of foreign direct investment projects was estimated at nearly 209.5 billion USD, equaling 58% of total valid registered capital.

- By investment field: The foreign investors have invested in 19 out of 21 branches in the national economic classification system, in which, processing and manufacturing sector accounted for the highest proportion with 212.16 billion USD, making up 58.8% of total investment capital, followed by real estate business with 58.7 billion USD (accounting for 16.3% of total investment capital), production and distribution of electricity with 23.58 billion USD (making up 6.6% of total investment capital).

- By investors: 132 countries and territories were having valid investment projects in Vietnam. Korea ranked first with a total registered capital of 66.82 billion USD (accounting for 18.5% of total investment capital). Japan ranked second with 59 billion USD (capturing 16.3% of total investment capital), followed successively by Singapore and Taiwan, Hong Kong.

- By investment area: FDI has been present in all 63 provinces and cities of the country, in which Ho Chi Minh City continued to rank first in FDI attraction with 46.89 billion USD (making up nearly 13% of the total investment capital), followed by Binh Duong with 34.19 billion USD (accounting for 9.5% of total investment capital), Hanoi with 33.57 billion USD (capturing 9.3% of total investment capital).

II. Vietnam's investment abroad

In the first 11 months of 2019, the total newly and additionally registered investment capital abroad from Vietnam reached 458.82 million USD. In which there were 148 projects newly granted certificates of investment registration with a total investment capital of 353.83 million USD from Vietnam. There was 29 times of project adjusted investment capital with a total additional investment capital of 150 million USD from Vietnam.

By investment field: The fields of wholesale and retail ranked first in Vietnam’s investment capital aboard with the total newly and additionally registered capital of 118.2 million USD, accounting for 25.8% of total investment capital; the fields of agriculture, forestry, fisheries ranked second with 65.57 million USD and accounting for 14.3% of total investment capital; professional, scientific and technological activities ranked third with 60 million USD, accounting for 13.1% of total investment capital. The other projects belong to others field.

By investment area: In the first 11 months of 2019, there were 31 countries and territories received investments from Vietnam. Australia is the leading area of Vietnam's investment abroad with 141.3 million USD, accounting for 30.8% of total investment. USA ranked second with 26 projects with the total investment capital of 93.4 million USD, capturing 20.4% of the total investment capital, followed by Spain, Cambodia, Singapore, Canada, etc./.


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