At the event (Photo: VNA)
The Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) have launched the project “Eco-industrial Park Intervention in Vietnam - Perspective from the Global Eco-Industrial Parks Programme”.
The inception workshop and signing ceremony of the project were held in Ho Chi Minh City last week.
The project has a cost of more than 1.82million USD, of which 1.68 million USD is official development assistance (ODA) from the Government of Switzerlandthrough its Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs, as well asco-funding of 138,800 USD from the Ministry of Planning and Investment.
It is the continuation of the successful implementation of the pilot initiative which concluded last year after beinglaunched in 2014.
The three-year project will be implemented in the cities of Hanoi, Hai Phong, Da Nang, Can Tho and HCM City, and Dong Nai province.
It is expected to create the foundation for the replication of the eco-industrial park(EIP)model across the country in the coming years.
The project hastwo components:enhancing policies and instructions for the implementation of EIPs, and implementing technical interventions to transform selected industrial parks intoEIPs.
It will help improve the legal framework and develop information and technical databases to connect businesses and to support implementation of solutions to transform industrial parks into EIPs.
It is expected that the outcomes of the project will lay the foundation for Government agencies and donors to continue mainstreaming the EIP concept throughout the country.
Speaking at the inception workshop, Swiss Ambassador to Vietnam Ivo Sieber said that Vietnam’s development over the past 30 years had been truly remarkable. However, rapid economic growth and industrialisation had had a detrimental impacton the environment and natural assets.
There had been a sharp increase inGreen House Gas emissions (GHG)anda growing depletion of biodiversity over the same period of time, he said.
“It is encouraging that Vietnam’s next Socio-Economic Development Strategy 2021-2030 includesclear strategic directions, which will promote a transformation towards a green economy.
“The viability and benefits of an eco-industrial park model will contribute to improving the economic, environmental and social performance of industries in Vietnam, which is very responsive to the government’s vision of a green economy.”
"Switzerland is proud to partner withUNIDO in promoting resource efficiency and cleaner production solutions in Vietnam,"he added.
Le Thi Thanh Thao, UNIDO’s country representative in Vietnam, said that the EIP model was essential for Vietnam to develop sustainable industrial development, while protecting the environment through resource and energy-use efficiency.
EIPs would be more likely to attract investments and generate a collective competitive advantage, Thao said.
The development of EIPs would create a premise to improve policies and regulations about EIPs in particular and to integrate the EIP model intothe legal framework ontheenvironment and industries as well as other relevant policies, she added.
The Ministry of Planning and Investment and UNIDO, with the support of a number of donors, implemented the eco-industrial park initiative in the 2014 – 2019 period. It hadsignificant impact on policy development anddemonstratedinnovative technologies and practices.
The EIP model ismentioned in Decree 82 on the management of industrial zones and economic zones. The new decree forms a strong legal framework for the future development of Eco-Industrial Parks in Vietnam.
Various solutions for resource-efficient and cleaner production were implemented under the framework of the pilot initiative.
Theseled to anavoided annual demand of over 22,000 MWh of electricity, 600,000 cubic metres of freshwater, 140 TJ of fossil fuel, and nearly 3,600 tonnes of chemicals and waste, through resource-efficient and cleaner production and industrial symbiosis solutions.
These solutions also led to avoided emissionsof 32 kt of CO2every year.
As of the end of June, the country had336 industrial parks, of which 279 are operational.
Last year, enterprises in IPs and economic zones earned 235 billion USD in revenue, a year-on-year increase of 8 percent, and 142 billion USD in export turnover, contributing nearly 59 percent to the nation's export turnover./.