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Thursday, December 9 2021
Tiếng Việt
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Date 25/05/2021-08:55:00 AM
Report on foreign direct investment in the first 5 months of 2021

As of May 20th, 2021, the total newly registered, adjusted, and paid-in capital for share purchase by foreign investors reached nearly USD 14 billion, 0.8% higher than the same period last year. The capital generated by FDI projects was estimated at USD 7.15 billion, up by 6.7% over the same period last year.

Accumulated as of May 20th, 2021, the whole country had 33,615 valid projects with total registered capital of USD 396.86 billion. The accumulated realized capital of foreign direct investment projects was estimated at USD 240 billion, equivalent to 60.5% of total valid registered investment capital.

Details are as follows:

I. FDI INFLOWS OF VIETNAM

1. FDI attraction in the 5 months of 2021

1.1. FDI performance:

Realized capital:

As of May 20th, 2021, foreign direct investment projects were estimated to disburse USD 7.15 billion, a rise of 6.7% compared with the same period in 2020.

Import and export performance:

Export: Export turnover of the foreign investment sector continued to shoot up in the first 5 months of 2021. Export (including crude oil) reached over USD 98 billion, up by 36.5% compared with the same period last year, accounting for 74.9% of export turnover. Export (excluding crude oil) was USD 97.4 billion, a rise of 37% over the same period last year, accounting for 74.4% of the country's export turnover.

Import: Imports of foreign investment sector attained over USD 85.4 billion, up by 39.7% over the same period last year and accounting for 65.3% of the country's import turnover.

In the first 5 months of 2021, the FDI sector saw a trade surplus of around USD 14.4 billion including crude oil and USD 12.6 billion excluding crude oil, offsetting the trade deficit of approximately USD 12.5 billion of the domestic sector, helping the country to gain a trade surplus about USD 131 million.

1.2. Investment registration

As of May 20th, 2020, total newly registered, adjusted, and paid-in capital for share purchase by foreign investors reached approximately USD 14 billion, a rise of 0.8% compared to the same period last year. Newly registered and adjusted capital made a rise in the first 5 months of the year while foreign investors’ paid-in capital continued to fall.

Of which:

Newly registered capital: There were 613 new projects granted with investment registration certificates (a year-on-year plummet of 49.4%). Total registered capital reached about USD 8.83 billion (a year-on-year increase of 18.6% in 2020).

Adjusted capital: There were 342 projects registered for adjustment of investment capital (a year-on-year decrease of 21.6%). Total additional registered capital reached USD 3.86 billion (a year-on-year increase of 11.7%).

Paid-in capital for share purchase: There were 1,422 paid-in capital for share purchase by foreign investors (a year-on-year decline of 59.7%). The total value of paid-in capital was worth USD 1.31 billion (a year-on-year decline of 56.3%).

(Detailed data in Appendix I attached).

By sector:

Foreign investors had invested in 18 sectors, of which the processing and manufacturing led with total investment capital of USD 6.14 billion, accounting for 43.9% of total registered investment capital. Electricity production and distribution ranked the second with investment capital of about USD 5.43 billion, accounting for 38.8% of total registered investment capital. It was followed by the real estate business, wholesale and retail with the total registered capital of about USD 1.05 billion and USD 522 million, respectively. The rest were other sectors.

By counterpart:

There were 70 countries and territories investing in Vietnam in the first 5 months of 2021. Singapore led the list with total investment capital of approximately USD 5.26 billion, accounting for nearly 37.6% of total investment capital in Vietnam; Japan ranked second with investment of USD 2.59 billion, accounting for 18.5% of total investment capital (in which, investment capital of Singapore and Japan was mainly in the form of new investment, accounting for 84.4% and 70.7% of total investment capital of each country subsequently). South Korea ranked third with registered investment capital of USD 1.83 billion, accounting nearly 13.1% of total investment capital. Next were China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and so on.

By location:

The foreign investors had invested in 56 provinces and cities nationwide in the first 5 of 2021. Long An led the list with total registered investment capital of USD 3.35 billion, accounting for 23.9% of total investment capital. Ho Chi Minh City ranked second with total registered capital of USD 1.34 billion, accounting for 9.6% of total investment capital. Can Tho ranked third with USD 1.32 billion, or 9.4% of total investment capital. Next were Binh Duong, Hai Phong, Bac Giang and so forth.

(Detailed data in Appendix II attached).

Some major projects in the 5 months of 2021:

(1) Long An I and II LNG Power Plant Project (invested by Singaporean investors) having total registered capital of more than USD 3.1 billion, with the goal of transmitting, distributing, and producing electricity in Long An (granted with a certificate of investment on March 19th, 2021).

(2) O Mon II Thermal Power Plant Factory (invested by Japanese investors) in Can Tho, with total investment capital of USD 1.31 billion, aimed to create a thermal power factory for electricity supply for the regional and national power system (granted with a certificate of investment on January 22nd, 2021)

(3) LG Display Project (invested by Korean investors) in Hai Phong with investment capital adjusted to increase by about USD 750 million (granted with an amended investment certificate on February 4th, 2021).

(4) Polytex Far Eastern Vietnam Co., Ltd Factory Project (invested by Taiwanese investors) with investment capital adjusted to increase by 610 million USD (granted with an amended investment certificate on May 13th, 2021).

(5) Jinko Solar PV Vietnam Solar Cell Technology Project (invested by Hong Kong investors) in Quang Ninh, having total investment capital of USD 498 million, with the goal of producing solar panels and electrical equipment (granted with a certificate of investment on March 29th, 2021).

2. Evaluation of the FDI performance in the first 5 months of 2021.

- Several foreign invested enterprises have recovered and maintained to operate business after the impact of COVID-19 pandemic. The accumulated realized capital of foreign direct investment projects in the first 5 months of 2021 was estimated at USD 240 billion, equivalent to 60.5% of total valid registered investment capital.

- The number of newly registered capital continued to rise in the first 5 months of 2021, and registered capital for adjustment increased by 11.7% after continuously decreasing in the first 4 months, contributed to make total registered investment capital slightly increase by 0.8% compared to the same period last year.

- The average size of newly registered and adjusted capital projects both increased over the same period (a year-on-year increase from USD 2.2 million per project to USD 14.4 million per project; and a year-on-year increase from USD 7.9 million per adjusted capital project to USD 11.3 million per adjusted capital project).

- Investment by paid-in capital for share purchase, and purchasing paid-in capital by foreign investors continued to fall compared to the same period, but the decline level was gradually improved both in paid-in capital for share purchase and the total value of paid-in capital.

- Import and export of the FDI sector continued to grow in the first 5 months of 2021, but the increase level had a slight decline compared to the first 4 months. The FDI sector had a trade surplus of about USD 12.6 billion (including crude oil), offsetting the trade deficit of nearly USD 12.5 billion of domestic business sector, help the country to gain a trade surplus of approximately USD 131 million.

3. Accumulated foreign investment as of May 20th, 2021

Accumulated as of May 20th, 2021, the whole country had 33,615 valid projects with total registered capital of nearly USD 396.86 billion. The accumulated realized capital of FDI projects was estimated at USD 240 billion, equaling 60.5% of total valid registered capital.

- By sector: Foreign investors have invested in 19/21 sectors in the national economic classification system, in which the processing and manufacturing sector accounted for the highest proportion with almost USD 232.8 billion, accounting for 58.7% of total investment capital. Followed is real estate business with USD 61 billion (or 15.4% of total investment capital); electricity production and distribution with USD 33.7 billion (or 8.5% of total investment capital).

- By counterpart: There are 140 countries and territories having valid investment projects in Vietnam. In which, South Korea ranked first with a total registered capital of USD 71.9 billion (accounting for 18.1% of total investment capital). Japan ranked second with USD 63.2 billion (or 15.9% of total investment capital). Next were Singapore, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.

- By location: FDI has been present in all 63 provinces and cities nationwide, of which Ho Chi Minh City remains the leading province in attracting foreign investment with over USD 48.9 billion (accounting for 12.3% of total investment), followed by Binh Duong with USD 36.6 billion (or over 9.2% of total investment capital), Ha Noi with nearly USD 36.6 billion (or 9.2% of total investment capital).

(Detailed data in Appendix III attached)

II. FDI OUTFLOWS OF VIETNAM

In the first 5 months of 2021, Vietnam’s total newly registered investment and additional investment outflows were 546.7 million USD (up by 3 times over the same period last year). Of which, 21 projects were granted with newly registered certificate of investment, with total investment capital of 143.5 million USD (equaling 88.7% compared to the same period last year), and 9 times project adjusted investment capital with capital gain of 403.2 million USD (a year-on-year increase of 21.4 times).

Vietnamese investors have invested in 12 sectors abroad. Of which, professional, scientific and technical activities led the list with 3 times of project adjusted capital with total newly registered and additional capital of 228.2 million USD, accounting for 46.5% of total investment capital. Wholesale and retail ranked second with 148.4 million USD, accounting for 27.1%; followed by agriculture, forestry and fishery; administrative activities and support service and so forth.

There were 15 countries and territories receiving investment from Vietnam in the first 5 months of 2021. Leading is United State of America with 3 new investment projects and 2 expanded projects worth 302.8 million USD, accounting for 55.4% of the total investment capital. Campuchia ranked second with 89.1 million USD, accounting for 16.3% of total investment capital. Followed by Canada and France, with the investment capital of 32.08 million USD and over 32 million USD correspondingly.

Accumulated as of May 20th, 2021, Vietnam had 1,420 valid aboard investment projects with total registered investment capital of nearly USD 21.81 billion. Vietnam’s investment aboard focuses mainly in: mining (36.4%); agriculture, forestry and fishery (15.3%). The areas receiving the most investment from Vietnam were Laos (23.7%); Campuchia (13.1%); Russia (12.9%)./.

(Detailed data in Appendix IV and V attached)


Attach Files:
FDI_5.2021_ENG.xlsx

Ministry of Planning and Investment

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