Since the EU - Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) took effect, the country’s imports from the EU have been rising sharply, with many commodities posting import value of billions of US dollars.
Workers process pineapple for export at a factory in An Giang province. (Photo: VNA)
The EVFTA, which took effect on August 1 last year, has given an impulse to bilateral exportation and importation, with Vietnam currently recording trade surplus with the EU.
In the first half of 2021, the country’s exports to the EU stood at 19.3 billion USD while imports from this bloc grew 17.2 percent from a year earlier to 8.14 billion USD. The import turnover was 14.65 billion USD in 2020, up 4.3 percent year on year.
The largest EU exporters to Vietnam consist of Germany, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Belgium, Sweden, and Ireland, which accounted for 85 percent of the country’s total imports from the EU last year.
Computers, electronic products and components; machinery, equipment, tools, and spare parts; along with pharmaceutical products are the main groups of items with billions-of-USD imports from the EU. They saw respective import turnover of 4.1 billion USD, 3.1 billion USD, and 1.75 billion USD last year, according to the General Department of Vietnam Customs.
The importation of meat and dairy products is also expected to increase strongly in the time ahead thanks to the EVFTA.
The Ministry of Industry and Trade said under the deal, Vietnam eliminated import duties on 48.5 percent of the tariff lines, equivalent to 64.5 percent of the EU’s exports to the country, as soon as the agreement took effect.
After that, 91.8 percent of the tariff lines, equivalent to 97.1 percent of the bloc’s exports, will have their import duties removed in seven years. For the remaining 1.7 percent of the tariff lines, Vietnam will gradually lift duties in more than 10 years or apply the tariff-rate quota regime under the World Trade Organisation (WTO) commitments.
At present, agricultural and aquatic products, consumer goods, processed food, milk, and dairy products from the EU have yet to benefit from zero-percent tariffs in Vietnam. As livestock products hailing from the EU are still subject to the tax rate ranging 10 percent - 40 percent, imports of these commodities have grown but not at a fast pace.
However, import duties on the EU’s frozen pork, other types of pork, and chicken will be slashed to zero percent in seven, nine, and 10 years, respectively, since the EVFTA enforcement. Beef will enjoy this tax rate, from 20 - 30 percent at present, in the next three years.
Vietnam currently ranks 17th among trading partners of and 11th among exporters to the EU./.